[TSL 3104 Phonetics and Phonology] – Vowels


The following table displays and describes the different IPA vowels and diphthongs. Click on a vowel to hear an audio clip. (Note: The audio clips may not play well in the media bar of Internet Explorer. Use another player or download the links to disk.)

Vowel Description Example
[i] forward vowel as in beet
[I] forward vowel as in bit
[e] forward vowel as in chaotic
[eI] diphthong as in bait
(character not available) forward vowel as in bet
[ae] diphthong as in bat
[a] forward vowel as in Boston
(as spoken by New Englanders)
[aI] diphthong as in by
[au] diphthong as in house
[u] back vowel as in boot
[ju] diphthong as in abuse
omega back vowel as in book
[o] back vowel as in pillow
(character not available) diphthong as in boat
open o back vowel as in awe
(character not available) diphthong as in boy
(character not available) back vowel as in father
(character not available) central vowel, stressed as in bud
(character not available) central vowel, unstressed (schwa) as in appeal
(character not available) central vowel with r, stressed as in burr
(character not available) central vowel with r, unstressed (hooked schwa) as in butter
(character not available) central vowel, r-less as in bird
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[TSL3104 Phonetics and Phonology] Consonants


The following table displays and describes the different IPA consonants. Click on a symbol to hear an audio clip. (Note: The audio clips may not play well in the media bar of Internet Explorer. Use another player or download the links to disk.)

Consonant Description Example
[p] stop-plosive consonant, unvoiced as in pet
[b] stop-plosive consonant, voiced as in bet
[t] stop-plosive consonant, unvoiced as in ten
[d] stop-plosive consonant, voiced as in den
[k] stop-plosive consonant, unvoiced as in kit
[g] stop-plosive consonant, voiced as in give
[m] nasal consonant as in me
[n] nasal consonant as in neat
(character not available) nasal consonant (eng) as in hung
[f] fricative consonant, unvoiced as in feet
[v] fricative consonant, voiced as in vain
(character not available) fricative consonant, unvoiced as in think
(character not available) fricative consonant, voiced as in then
[s] fricative consonant, unvoiced as in sea
[z] fricative consonant, voiced as in zip
(character not available) fricative consonant, unvoiced (esh) as in she
(character not available) fricative consonant, voiced as in azure
[h] fricative consonant, unvoiced as in heat
[l] lateral consonant as in lift
[r] glide as in rose
[j] glide (yot) as in yes
[w] glide, voiced as in were
[hw] glide, unvoiced as in when
(character not available) combination consonant, unvoiced as in chill
(character not available) combination consonant, voiced as in jet